June 15, 1215 – King John sealed the Magna Carta. Regarded as the first charter of English liberties, it’s one of the most important documents in the history of political and human freedom.
The Magna Carta was the first document made to try to limit the powers of the King of England and protect the rights of ordinary citizens. Despite its importance to the people at the time, by the second half of the 19th century, most of the clauses had been repealed.
The clauses that are still in use include Clause 1, Clause 9, and Clause 29: the freedom of the English Church, the "ancient liberties" of London, and a right to due process.
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