This Week In History: July 28, 1868 - The 14th amendment is officially adopted into the U.S. Constitution, granting citizenship to former slaves and all persons born or naturalized in the U.S.
The amendment addressed citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the Civil War. The amendment was very controversial, particularly in the South, where southern states were forced to ratify it in order for them to regain representation in Congress. The Fourteenth Amendment is one of the most appealed parts of the Constitution, forming the basis for landmark decisions such asRoe v. Wade (1973), regarding abortion, and Bush v. Gore (2000), regarding the 2000 presidential election.
To learn more, visit this link.